Fiber Patch Panel, also named as fiber distribution panels, is to terminate the fiber optic cable and provide access to the cable's individual fibers for cross connection. Fiber patch panel can use fiber patch cables to cross-connect, connect to fiber optic communication equipment or test the individual fibers in the fiber cable.
A fiber patch panel usually is composed of two parts, the compartment that contains fiber adapters (bulkhead receptacles), and the compartment that contains fiber optic splice trays and excess fiber cables.
Fiber Optic Patch Panel are mostly mounted in 19 inch relay racks, but they can also be mounted on freestanding rails, in cabinets and also on walls. For fiber optic cabling installation, you should plan the location of your fiber connectivity hardware carefully, including fiber patch panels. You can choose between direct cross-connection and patch panel. You should prepare your routing and dressing of your fiber patch cords when using fiber panels. In the meantime, you also have a choice to use fiber cable management brackets to avoid the dangling fiber patch cables.
They are used for horizontal cabling as well as lightwave equipment connections. You should plan your cabling layout carefully to arrange these patch panels conveniently for proper fiber patch cable lengths. These two types of panels should be as close to each other as possible.
In large installations, fiber patch location may have several patch panels. Fiber patch cables can go through connect directly because they are usually placed side to side.
An optic fiber technician should take actions to select the most suitable patch panel for a particular situation when facing troubles. That technician must recognize that when it comes to easy installation, proper termination and long term maintenance, not all patch panels are created equally. Optic fiber is robust and therefore deserves some special treatment. For example, if a horizontal copper cable is damaged, one user will be affected. If a backbone fiber goes down, it can take a lot of users down with it. This is why using fully enclosed connecting hardware for optic fiber is crucial. This is where the technician must choose between using wall-mounted or rack-mounted hardware. The optic fiber density required will most likely influence the technicians choice between the wall-mounted and rack-mounted connectivity. Many technicians will choose to use fiber patch cables. Trust your technician to know what's best.
Your TR rooms should be planned such that the total cross-connect and patch cable lengths are within TIA-568-C specs. Horizontal fiber links allow a length of up to 10 meters including cross-connect, fiber jumpers, patch cables and patch panels.
If you exceed TIA-568-C fiber length specs, the lightwave equipment may or may not work anymore. So it is extremely important that you take the standard seriously.