When installing a fiber optic network, appropriate fiber optic termination is considered to be an extremely important part, since it can affect the performance and reliability of the whole network. It is hence natural that much attention should be necessarily attached to fiber termination box nowadays. Besides, an increasing number of products concerning fiber optic termination are appearing on the market to make the termination task easier and more accurate. The article will make an overview of fiber optic termination.
Generally speaking, fiber optic termination acts as the connection of fiber or wire to a device, the device can be something like a wall outlet or equipment that allows for connecting the cable to other cables or devices. Based on this, fiber optic termination enables fiber cross connection and light wave signal distribution. Proper fiber optic termination is able to meet the demand for protecting the fibers from dirt or damage while in use and preventing excessive loss of light as well, which also contribute to smooth and efficient performance of the network.
Before performing fiber optic termination, one should get well-prepared to ensure a smooth and successful process of termination. The preparation for fiber optic termination involves several steps: gathering the supplies you need, stripping the outer jacket, cutting the kevlar, and stripping the buffer or coating. For supplies, you’ll need safety glasses, a fiber disposal bin, fiber optical connectors, fiber optic cable, epoxy and syringes (or anaerobic adhesive), and polishing film.
Besides, tools used in fiber optic termination usually include fiber stripper, scribe, aramid yarn scissors, adjustable cable jacket stripper, polishing puck, polishing glass plate, and a rubber pad to polish the fiber optical connectors, especially for single mode termination. You’ll also need some test equipment such as a power meter, FO tracer, reference test cables, a LED light source and a microscope to view the connector.
It is commonly believed that fiber optic termination is often time-consuming and highly specializes. However, due to the continuous advancement in termination technology, fiber termination systems currently demand less training and produce higher quality fiber connections in less time.
Basically, three widely adopted fiber termination methods are available to operators: pre-polished connectors, epoxy and polish fiber termination and pigtail connectors.