Fiber optic transmits the light from one end to another which is flexible and very thin. Most optical fibers are made of silica glass, but some are made of plastics such as polymethyl metacrylate. Plastic fibers are often used in application that do not require long transmissions, including medical instrumentation, illumination and consumer electronics. We bundle fibers into cables because they need long distance transmissions in communication systems.
Optical fibers can be used in communication systems, such as telephones, TV and computer networking. They are specially useful in long-distance communications, as light quickly propagates through the fiber. The fiber optical also affords very low attenuation to minimize the use of repeaters in long-haul communication system such as transcontinental cables. According to Pelin Aksoy in "Information Technology in Theory," optical fiber can also replace metal in computer hardware.
The use of optical light guides for viewing the human body dates back to 1880, when a bent glass rod was used to illuminate body cavities, says Casimer DeCusatis in "Fiber Optic Essentials." Nowadays fiber optics are widely used in endoscopy and laser surgery in order to arrive inside the human body in a less invasive way. In addition to human applications, optical fibers are also used in veterinary medicine.
Fiber optic cabling sends more data to its destination in less time. Fiber optics theoretically support data transmission speeds of up to 30,000GHz, which is much faster than the electrical circuits used to send data over the cables. Fiber optic cables are capable of moving data at about 69 percent of the speed of light.
Fiber optic cables are also more durable. Fiber optic cable can sustain between 100 and 200 pounds of pulling tension. Additionally, fiber optics are non-flammable. Fiber cables are less likely to require replacement or repair.
You can install fiber optic connections very easily. The process involves gluing bare fiber optic cable to a connector and then heating the connector to seal it. You can finish the fiber optic connection within 25 minutes.
Strip the plastic jacket at the end of the fiber optic cable. Optic cable ends have jackets to prevent any damage in shipping from the manufacturer. Clamp the plastic jacket, using a fiber optic stripper tool, which has a designated slot to fit the size of a fiber optic jacket. Squeeze the handles of the stripper like pliers. Pull the jacket away from the fiber optic cable.
Open the back chamber of the epoxy glue gun by twisting off the back cap. Insert the epoxy glue tube into the chamber and squeeze lightly. You will only need a few ounces of glue for the task. Screw the cap back on the epoxy glue gun chamber.
Inject epoxy glue into the fiber optic connector socket. Each fiber optic connector has two sockets on each side of it to form the connection. Insert the glue gun into the connector socket. Press and hold the trigger to insert the glue. The glue should spot should not be larger than an eye pupil.
Insert one fiber optic cable end into the connector sockets. Hold the cable in the socket and count to 10. Let go of the fiber optic cable and connector. Check that the cable stays in position once you let go of it.
Place the new fiber optic box connection into an an epoxy curing oven. Turn on the oven and turn the timer knob to six minutes. Insert the fiber optic connector attached to the cable into one of the curing oven slots. Press the start button on the oven. Pull out the connector from the oven slot. Wiggle the connector end to test the stability of the connection. If it seems fragile, reinsert the connector into the oven and cook it for a few more minutes. Do steps three to five again, which you can seal the fiber optic connector on both sides.