Compared to even a few decades back, communication has become a vital part of our lives. The world's social, economic and political system is dependent upon its ability to communicate and transmit both voice and data information. Networks of optical fiber span continents and circle the globe making this communication possible.
Rapid advances in fiber optics technology have made traditional wiring obsolete and unsuited for transferring complex data like images. Fiber optical connectors have replaced them, as they are small and transparent. They are as thin as wires and are able to transfer data via beams of light.
Fiber optic connectors comprise of a ferrule, connector body, cable and coupling device. The end of the fiber is mounted on the end of ferrule. It is bored through the center thus cladding the fiber. This often induces scratches on the fiber. Some types of fiber optic connectors are biconic D4, ESCON, FC, FDDI, LC, loopback, MTP, RJ, MU, SC, SMAand ST.
Straight tip (ST) fiber optic connectors are a type of connector used in fiber optic networking, which uses light rather than electrical signals to transmit data. They are carefully designed to align and protect two segments of optical fiber, and were among the first connectors widely used in optical networking. ST fiber-optic connectors use a bayonet-style twist and lock mechanism and can be used with both single and multimode fiber. The connectors are used in data centers, short to medium range network links, and military and security applications.
Using light as a transmission medium allows fiber optic cabinet to carry much more data than their electrical copper-based counterparts, but it also presents some unique problems. Fiber optic connectors must be designed with precision as a top priority, because even a small amount of dust or slight misalignment between fiber segments can greatly reduce performance and reliability. ST fiber-optic connectors, also known as a bayonet fiber optic connector (BFOC), were one of the first widely used connectors designed for fiber-optic use, becoming popular in the 1980s and 90s.