6 Types of Fiber Optic Cable


The professional DOME Fiber Closure manufacturer - greentelftth registered in 1999,Green Telecom is professionally engaged in the integration and service of customized projects of deployment and detection of optical communication network. Green Telecom offers the most comprehensive selection of fiber optic splice closure products to customers in different industries. In this article, you will konw "Introduction of 6 Types of Greentel Fiber Optic Cable"

1. Loose Tube Cables

Loose tube cables are ideal for both outdoor & indoor/outdoor applications, including use in conduit, direct burial, lashed aerial, trunking. Their designs utilize 250µm fibers in both central & multi loose tube constructions ranging in fiber counts from 2 to 288. Standard offerings include plenum, riser, and outside plant ratings with the option of aluminium interlocked armor or steel corrugated armor.

2.Ribbon Cable

Ribbon cable is preferred where high fiber counts and small diameter cables are needed. This cable has the highest packing density, since all the fibers are laid out in rows in ribbons, typically of 12 fibers, and the ribbons are laid on top of each other. Not only is this the smallest cable for the most number of fibers, it’s usually the lowest cost. Typically 144 fibers in ribbons only has a cross section of about 1/4 inch or 6 mm and the jacket is only 13 mm or 1/2 inch diameter! Some cable designs use a “slotted core” with up to 6 of these 144 fiber ribbon assemblies for 864 fibers in one cable! Since it’s outside plant cable, it’s gel-filled for water blocking or dry water-blocked. These cables are common in LAN backbones and data centers.

3.Armored Fiber Optic Cable

Armored cable is used in direct buried outside plant applications where a rugged cable is needed and/or for rodent resistance. Armored cable withstands crush loads well, for example in rocky soil, often necessary for direct burial applications. Cable installed by direct burial in areas where rodents are a problem usually have metal armoring between two jackets to prevent rodent penetration. Another application for armored fiber optic cable is in data centers, where cables are installed under the floor and one worries about the fiber cable being crushed. This means the cable is conductive, so it must be grounded properly.

4.Aerial Fiber Optic Cable

Aerial cables are for outside installation on poles. They can be lashed to a messenger or another cable (common in CATV) or have metal or aramid strength members to make them self supporting. A widely used Aerial Cable is optical power ground wire (OPGW) which is a high voltage distribution cable with fiber in the center. The fiber is not affected by the electrical fields and the utility installing it gets fibers for grid management and communications. This cable is usually installed on the top of high voltage towers but brought to ground level for splicing or termination.

5.Indoor/Outdoor Cables

Fiber Optic Indoor/Outdoor Cables are designed to meet both the stringent environmental requirements typical of outside plant cable AND the flammability requirements of premise applications. Ideal for applications that span indoor and outdoor environments. By eliminating the need for outside to inside cross-connection, the entire system reliability is improved and with lower overall installation costs.

6.Underwater and Submarine Cables

A range of underwater and submarine cables based upon steel tube technology. Cables are suitable for medium length, unrepeatered applications and shorter-length installations to be found in festoon systems, lake and river installations. The highest standards of reliability are ensured in these demanding environments by the use of advanced optical cable design technology and utilization of high quality materials throughout.

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