The principle on which fiber optics works is light. Fiber cables contain plastic or glass filaments, which depend on light signals for the transfer of data from one point to another. Light has a very appealing feature: it can travel more rapidly compared to electric current, which has traditionally been employed in the field of communication. Characteristically, optical termination boxs are quite fragile and thus get contaminated in many ways: through dust particles, through the presence of oils and buffer gel. So they must remain clean and tested after installation in order to ensure an uninterrupted flow of light.
Compared to the usual copper cables, the expense for the installation of optic cables is a bit greater, needing especially designed tools of superior quality for the process of installation. Because of their functionality, the demand for these cables is sure to increase in the foreseeable future. It is worth investing in the appropriate equipment of good quality, as that would prove economical in the long run. If you like to have an edge over other competitors in the field of communication, you should be prepared to invest and use superior kits.
90% of quick termination connectors don't require polishing. They have a factory pre-polished fiber stub inside the connector body, all you need to do is strip your fiber, clean, cleave the fiber and then insert the cleaved fiber into the connector body, with or without assembly tool assistance, then finally crimp the connector with specialized tool.
There is no universal quick termination connector tool kit, since each connector is designed differently by their manufacturers and requires proprietary assembly tool. The major brands in the market include:
a) 3M Hot Melt connectors
Although 3M Hot Melt connectors are categorized as quick termination, they actually require polishing. The connectors have hot melt epoxy pre-injected in the body, you just heat the connector, insert your fiber, scribe it, let it cool down, and then polish the connector. The process is very similar to traditional epoxy polish connectors, but the epoxy mixing and dispensing steps are removed which reduces termination time to less than 2 minutes. 3M Hot Melt connectors are a popular choice among installers.
b) Corning Unicam Connectors
Corning Unicam connectors are typical pre-polish and mechanical splice on connectors. They have a pre-polished fiber stub inside connector body, with index matching gel inside too. You just strip, clean and cleave your fiber, and then insert the cleaved fiber into the connector body, finally crimp it on with Unicam assembly tool.
They are also very popular among fiber optic installers and contractors.
c) Tyco/AMP LightCrimp Plus connectors
AMP LightCrimp Plus connectors are similar to Corning Unicam. They also pre-polished and mechanical splice on, although designed differently and needs corresponding LightCrimp plus assembly tool. They are less popular than Unicam connectors.
d) There are also many new types of quick termination connectors from AFL, Leviton, Fitel and other manufacturers. So it is worth keeping a close eye on this technology.
The most significant element of the present-day world of communications is fiber optics. An ever-increasing number of networks responsible for data communication depend on fiber optics for their effective and successful operation. Optical cables essentially form a part of wide area networks of buildings and campuses.